ما قيل عن الامام علي بن ابي طالب(عليه السلام) في المنظمات الدولية

    لقد دعت الأمم المتحدة - من خلال برامجها الانمائية- الدول العربية والاجنبية إلى اتخاذ القائد الإسلامي الإمام علي (عليه السلام) –من خلال سياق التقرير-مثالاً لتشجيع المعرفة وتأسيس الدولة على مبادئ العدالة واحترام الإنسان، جاء ذلك في تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية اشتمل على أكثر من 160صفحة صادر عن برنامج الأمم المتحدة الإنمائي الخاص بحقوق الإنسان وتحسين البيئة والمعيشة والتعليم.

     وأشتمل التقرير على مقتطفات من الوصايا التي أوصى بها الإمام علي بن أبي طالب(عليه السلام)  بن عم الرسول (صلى الله عليه وآله) وقال التقرير أن هذه التعاليم التي جاء بها الإمام علي(عليه السلام)  كانت قبل أكثر من 1000سنة، لنشر العدالة وللتعريف بحقوق الانسان. 

     وجاء في التقرير أن الدول العربية: لا تزال بعيدة عن عالم الديمقراطية ومنح تمثيل السكان، وبعيدة عن التطور وأساليب المعرفة...

وقال في التقرير السنوي لعام 2002م الخاص بتطوير الدول العربية والذي وزع على جميع دول العالم، وقد  احتوى على (6)نقاط رئيسة أوصى بها الإمام علي بن أبي طالب(عليه السلام)  حول كيفية الحكم المثالي. 

واشتملت تلك التعاليم على ضرورة المشورة بين الحاكم والمحكوم، ومحاربة الفساد الإداري والمالي، والقضايا السيئة الأخرى وأن تمنح العدالة لجميع الناس، وتحقيق الإصلاحات الداخلية. 

     وأخذ التقرير الدولي مقتطفات من وصايا الإمام علي(عليه السلام)  التي جاءت في الجزء الأول من نهج البلاغة الخاص برئيس الدولة، حينما أكد على: 

      أن مَنْ نَصَبَ نَفْسَهُ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَاماً فَلْيَبْدَأْ بِتَعْلِيمِ نَفْسِهِ قَبْلَ تَعْلِيمِ غَيْرِهِ، وَ لْيَكُنْ تَأْدِيبُهُ بِسِيرَتِهِ قَبْلَ تَأْدِيبِهِ بِلِسَانِهِ، فمُعَلِّمُ نَفْسِهِ وَ مُؤَدِّبُهَا أَحَقُّ بِالإِجْلالِ مِنْ مُعَلِّمِ النَّاسِ وَ مُؤَدِّبِهِمْ ص672. 

وفيما يخص فرض الضرائب واستصلاح الأراضي، وضرورة التنمية، ومحاربة الفقر، استعار التقرير الدولي نصائح الإمام التي وردت في النهج: 
وَ لْيَكُنْ نَظَرُكَ فِي عِمَارَةِ الأَرْضِ أَبْلَغَ مِنْ نَظَرِكَ فِي اسْتِجْلابِ الْخَرَاجِ، لأَنَّ ذَلِكَ لا يُدْرَكُ إِلاَّ بِالْعِمَارَةِ، وَ مَنْ طَلَبَ الْخَرَاجَ بِغَيْرِ عِمَارَةٍ أَخْرَبَ الْبِلادَ وَ أَهْلَكَ الْعِبَادَ … ص38. 

      أما عن التعليم فقد ورد في التقرير نصيحة الإمام إلى ممثله: وَ أَكْثِرْ مُدَارَسَةَ الْعُلَمَاءِ وَمُنَاقَشَةَ الْحُكَمَاءِ فِي تَثْبِيتِ مَا صَلَحَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُ بِلادِكَ وَ إِقَامَةِ مَا اسْتَقَامَ بِهِ النَّاسُ قَبْلَكَ…ص605. وجاء في التقرير أيضا عن ضرورة الإفصاح عن قول الحق وعدم السكوت عن الباطل: لا خَيْرَ فِي الصَّمْتِ عَنِ الْحُكْمِ،كَمَا أَنَّهُ لا خَيْرَ فِي الْقَوْلِ بِالْجَهْلِ … ص699. 

وأما عن الصالحين وتواضع الحكام والنهي عن الإسراف في صرف الموارد، وضرورة تبيان الحقائق للشعب:

فَالْمُتَّقُونَ فِيهَا هُمْ أَهْلُ الْفَضَائِلِ، مَنْطِقُهُمُ الصَّوَابُ، وَ مَلْبَسُهُمُ الاقْتِصَادُ، وَ مَشْيُهُمُ التَّوَاضُعُ، لا يَرْضَوْنَ مِنْ أَعْمَالِهِمُ الْقَلِيلَ، وَ لا يَسْتَكْثِرُونَ الْكَثِيرَ … ص440-441. 

وعن أهمية التقدم العلمي أشار التقرير إلى نصيحة الإمام علي(عليه السلام): ولا وعاء أفضل من العلم… 

 

النص بالانكليزي

     واليكم المقطع الانكليزي الذي ورد في البرنامج الانمائي للأمم المتحدة بخصوص الاستشهاد بنصوص الامام علي(عليه السلام) في ادارة الدولة واحترام الانسان:

 

UNITED NATION report about IMAM ALI BINABITALIB(AS) 
The UNDP published excerpts in English of remarks made by 
Imam Ali(AS) 
The United Nations has advised the Arab countries to take an old Muslim leader as an example in encouraging knowledge and establishing a regime based on justice and democracy. 
The UNDP published excerpts in English of remarks made by Imam Ali bin Abi Taleb, a cousin of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), nearly 1,000 years ago about 
Knowledge, justice and right rule of people. 
The UNDP referred to the regime as governance, an English equivalent of 'Al Hokm', and said most regional countries are still far behind other nations in democracy, wide political representation, women's participation, development and knowledge. 
In its 2002 Arab Human Development Report, distributed around the world, the UNDP listed six main points in the comments of Imam Ali bin Abi Taleb about 
ideal governance. 
They include consultation between the ruler and the ruled, speaking out against corruption and other wrong doings, ensuring justice to all, and achieving domestic development. 
It quoted the Imam as saying: "He who has appointed himself an Imam (ruler) of the people must begin by teaching himself before teaching others. 
"His teaching of others must be first by setting an example rather than with his words, for he who begins by teaching and educating himself is more worthy of respect than he who teaches and educates others." 
On development he tells rulers: "Your concern with developing the land should be greater than your concern for collecting taxes, for the latter can only be obtained by developing; whereas he who seeks revenue without development destroys the country and the people. 
"Seek the company of the learned and the wise in search of solving the problems of your country and the righteousness of your people. No good can come in keeping silent as to government or in speaking out of ignorance." On justice and virtue, the Imam says: "The righteous are men of virtue, whose logic is straightforward, whose dress is unostentatious, whose path is modest, whose actions are many and who are undeterred by difficulties. 
"Choose the best among your people to administer justice among them. Choose someone who does not easily give up, who is unruffled by enmities, someone who will not persist in wrong doings, who will not hesitate to pursue right once he knows it, someone whose heart knows no greed, who will not be satisfied with a minimum of explanation without seeking the maximum of understanding, who will be the most steadfast when doubt is cast, who will be the least impatient in correcting the opponent, the most patient in pursuing the truth, the most stern in meting out judgment, someone who is unaffected by flattery and not swayed by temptation and these are but few." 
The report, distributed by the UNDP office in Abu Dhabi, said Arab countries have generally made progress in their political and social reforms but they still lag behind other states. 
It said women in the Arab region are less represented in political bodies, elections are flawed, poverty and illiteracy are prevalent, and democracy is not fully enforced. 
It acknowledged reforms have gained momentum during 1990s in most Arab nations covering the permission of wider participation, more frequent elections, the ratification of several human rights conventions, more freedom of the press and associations. 
But it added: "On closer observation, the picture is more complex. The process remains heavily regulated and partial. It has not been opened to all citizens. 
"Persisting inequities in the region, reflecting poverty, illiteracy, the urban/rural divide and gender inequality, continue to exclude many from public discourse. As a result, the process of political liberalisation has bypassed too many people." 
It said real political participation in the Arab world is less 'advanced' than in other developing regions, adding that in such areas as Latin America, East and Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa, freedom of association is less restricted, governments change through ballot box and people's groups have been encouraged to express themselves. 
"Meanwhile, mass mobilisation-type regimes still exist in a number of Arab countries, freedom of association is restricted in other cases, levels of political participation are uneven, and the transfer of power through the ballot box is not a common phenomenon. 
"Practical constrains of these kinds have had adverse effects on people's perceptions and actions, reflected in low turnout rates during national and local elections and in aversion to participating in the activities of political parties." 
The report urged the Arab governments to learn from Imam Ali bin Abi Taleb in advocating knowledge and fighting ignorance as the main reason for most problems. 
It quotes him again: "No vessel is limitless except for the vessel of knowledge, which forever expands. If God has to humiliate a human being, he will deny him knowledge. No wealth equals to the mind, and no poverty equals to ignorance. No wealth can profit you more than the mind. 
"Knowledge is superior to wealth. It guards you whereas you guard wealth. Wealth decreases with expenditure whereas knowledge multiplies with dissemination